Evidence-based practice is the use of the best available evidence together with a clinician's expertise and a patient's values and preferences in making health care decisions.
AHRQ Evidence-Based Decisionmaking. Retrieved April 22, 2016 from http://effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/index.cfm/glossary-of-terms/?filterletter=e
There is a substantial gap between the best research evidence and clinical practice with potentially serious health consequences for patients. Key reasons for the research-practice gap include lack of time and skills needed for finding and appraising the evidence. Evidence based practice helps bridge that gap by providing strategies that facilitate finding and appraising research, and resources that pre-filter and synthesize research to make the process more efficient.
Evidence based practice includes five steps:
Strauss, S. E. (2011). Evidence-based medicine : How to practice and teach EBM (4th ed.). Edinburgh ; New York: Churchill Livingstone.