History: Web Sites

Web Sites for the Middle Ages

AHA Guide

The AHA Guide to Historical Literature will get you started on any time period anywhere in the world.  The link is to the online version.  You might find it easier to start with the print version to see how it is organized.

Internet Search Tips

Try these to get more specific or broader results

Wild Card

  • Use a * to include forms or variants of words in your search
  • Example: type test* to search for test, testing, tests

Adding a ~

  • Adding a tilde (~) to your search term will return related terms.
  • Example: ~nutrition will search also nutrition, food and health

Adding a -

  • Adding a negative (-) to your search term will take away that term in your search.
  • Example: Pets -cats will not find web sites that focus upon cats as pets.

Phrase Search

  • By inserting quotes around an exact phase, you will search only the words you type in, in that exact order with no words in between term.
  • Example: "consumer product chemistry"

Boolean Operators

  • Using AND, OR, NOT can broaden or narrow a search depending on your inquiry. "AND" will give you results that contain both words. "OR" will give results about either word and "NOT" will not search the term preceding.
  • Example: Summer AND Flower, Summer OR Flower, Summer NOT flower

Evaluating Websites

Lack of systematic quality control means critical evaluation of Web sites is crucial. When evaluating web resources, consider:

  • Authority: Is the author or site sponsor clearly identified? Can you find credentials and contact information?
  • Objectivity: Is the site's purpose clear? Is it directed toward a specific audience?
  • Coverage: Are the topics covered clear? In depth? Balanced? Are ideas and opinions backed up by evidence?
  • Accuracy: Are sources cited? Can you verify accuracy of facts and other information with other sources in the field?
  • Currency: Are the dates included in the website? Is the information current, or at least still relevant for the site's and your purpose?

Taken from: Ramage, Bean and Johnson. The Allyn and Becon Guide to Writing. 5th Ed. customized for Marquette University. Boston: Pearson Education, Inc., 2009: 602.